Breast Cancer

Pink Strength, Brave Hearts

Breast cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form
in the tissues of the breast.

Pink Strength, Brave Hearts

Breast cancer is a disease in which
malignant (cancer) cells form
in the tissues of the breast.

Anatomy of the Female Breast

The breast is made up of lobes and ducts. Each breast has 15 to 20 sections called lobes, which have many smaller sections called lobules

Lobules end in dozens of tiny bulbs that can make milk. The lobes, lobules, and bulbs are linked by thin tubes called ducts

The nipple and areola are shown on the outside of the breast. The lymph nodes, lobes, lobules, ducts, and other parts of the inside of the breast are also shown

Each breast also has blood vessels and lymph vessels. The lymph vessels carry an almost colorless fluid called lymph

Lymph vessels lead to organs called lymph nodes. Lymph nodes are small bean-shaped structures that are found throughout the body. They filter substances in a fluid called lymph and help fight infection and disease

Clusters of lymph nodes are found near the breast in the axilla (under the arm), above the collarbone, and in the chest

Types of Breast Cancer

Inflammatory Breast Cancer

An uncommon type of breast cancer in which the breast is warm, red, and swollen.

Lobular Carcinoma

This cancer begins in the lobes or lobules, and is more often found in both breasts than are other types of breast cancer.

Ductal Carcinoma

This is the most common type of breast cancer, which begins in the cells of the ducts.

Signs & Symptoms

A change in the size or shape of the breast or a lump or thickening in or near the breast or in the underarm area

A nipple turned inward into the breast, or a dimple/puckering in the skin of the breast

Scaly, red, or swollen skin on the breast, nipple, or areola (the dark area of skin that is around the nipple)

Dimples in the breast that look like the skin of an orange, called peau d’orange

Other conditions that are not breast cancer may cause these same symptoms

Fluid, other than breast milk, from the nipple, especially if it’s bloody

Six Types of Standard Treatment


Radiation therapy

Hormone therapy


Targeted therapy

Sentinel lymph node biopsy followed by surgery

A Mandarin video explanation by Dr. Lim on Breast Cancer:


Our physicians have high level depth and breadth of experience in diagnosing and treating all forms of the disease, from the most common to the very rare.